Ningbo is a coastal city in Zhejiang Province. It lies on the south of the populous Yangtze River Delta and faces the East China Sea to the east. It possesses two main mountain ranges within its boundaries, Siming Mountain and Tiantai Mountain. Yuyao, Fenghua and Yongjiang Rivers are flowing through the city area.
After the Opium Wars in the 19th century, China was forced to open five Treaty Ports for foreign trade, including Ningbo. The others were Guangzhou, Xiamen, Fuzhou and Shanghai. However, Ningbo dominated the foreign trade.
Ningbo is not only a very important port city but also the engine of the economy on the east coast of China. Ningbo started foreign trade in the 7th century and has since become a major exporter of electrical products, textiles, food, and industrial tools in China today.