Fuzhou

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Location

Fuzhou is the capitol city of Fujian Province.Located on China's southeastern coast, along the lower reaches of the Min River, Fuzhou City is the capital of Fujian Province as well as its economic, political, cultural and transportation center.

It has an area of 4702 square miles and has a population of 7.2 million people. It is 12 thousand square kilometers in area with a population of 6.75 million. The average annual temperature is 19.6 degree Celsius. The average annual precipitation is 1,342mm. The black frost period can last 326 days.

History

Fuzhou is a unique and famous ancient city in Chinese history. As a city of over 2000 years of history, Fuzhou has been a commercial center since the ancient times, and now it has become one of the coastal cities that open to the foreign countries. The remains of two Neolithic cultures - the Huqiutou Culture (虎丘头文化), from around 5000 BC, and the Tanshi Mountain Culture (昙石山文化), from around 3000 BC - have been discovered and excavated in the Fuzhou area.

Fuzhou's history dates back to the 3rd century BC, when it became an ore-smelting center. Then known as Minzhou, it was the capital of the coastal kingdom of Minyue. In the Tang Dynasty (725 AD), Fuzhou (福州) acquired its present name, which means ''prosperous city'' or ''fortunate city,'' and went on to grow wealthy as a coastal export center for tea. Marco Polo was known to visit it.

Fuzhou’s international links continued during the Ming Dynasty, especially during the early 15th century, when the city was the homeport for the international voyages of the eunuch-admiral Zheng He. Following the first Opium War in 1842, Fuzhou became one of the five ports declared open to foreign trade. After that time, it also became a center of both Catholic and Protestant missionary activity. In the 19th century, it exported more tea than any other Chinese port.

During the 1980s, Fuzhou was one of the 14 coastal cities that China’s State Council decided to target for development and international trade. Thus, Fuzhou had an early start on the road to economic prosperity as the Chinese economy gradually underwent the process of internationalization.

Fuzhou has a long tradition as a coastal port and shipbuilding center and is the major coastal city between Hong Kong and Shanghai. The goods can be sent to over 20 countries and areas, both in china and aboard.

Attractions

The Min River runs across the whole city, and two hills--Yu hill and Wu hill, stand at the city center. In the city, there are over 50 places of historical interest, and many hot springs which are suitable for recuperation.

The city has rich religious culture with 6 key Buddhist temples, you can travel there through two touring lines, one is called Gushan Mountain line, centering around Yongquan Temple, the other is called Mingyuan line, centering around the West Lake.

In the eastern part of Fuzhou City, there is Fuzhou Plain. Along the coast, there are many seaports and islands with Haitan Island as the largest. Fuzhou abounds in mountain forest and aquatic products in Er Mei. Fuzhou has the most abundant reserve of wax in China. The reserve of sand in Ping Tan and Chang Le is also rich. Here, hydroelectric power and underground heat energy resources are abundant. Pingtan is one of three, hot springs attractions in China.

It has been known as "Banyan City”; in reference to the subtropical banyan trees that were planted in the city during the Song Dynasty and now provide shade for its residents. Fuzhou's cultural and economic development has been deeply influenced by its proximity to Taiwan, directly across the Taiwan Straits. There are many ethnic and linguistic links between Fuzhou and Taiwan, and heavy cross-strait investment has helped turn the city into a major commercial and manufacturing center.

Gu Mountain is a well-known scenic spot and summer resort. There is also West Lake, Linzexu ancestral Hall and Longjiang Bridge of the song dynasty.

The traditional specialties are Shou mountain carving, woodcuts, jasmine tea, Fu orange and snow orange.

Industries

Amongst Fuzhou's major industries are machinery, electrical, food, chemical, leather goods, industrial art and textile. Among them, the output of leather goods, electrical and industrial art takes first place in China. The production of plastic machinery and jasmine tea are also very important in Fuzhou. Fuzhou’s Economical Technology Industries are excessively strong. In agriculture, there is rice, rope, peanut, sugar cane, straw and fruit products.

Below are a couple of the photos I took of a market street. It represents early Chinese culture.

Fuzhou, Fujian, China

Fuzhou, Fujian, China

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fuzhou, Fujian, ChinaFuzhou, Fujian, China

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fuzhou, Fujian, China

Fuzhou, Fujian, China

 

 

 

 

 

 

Here is a picture of some Chinese scaffolding.

 

 


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